Inclusive Growth and Development in the Region: Role and Voice of the Global South

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India’s wider periphery, which includes South Asia, Southeast Asia, portions of Africa, and the Middle East, is one of the world’s most active and lively economic regions. However, inclusive growth, gender equality, and universal digital and financial access remain significant challenges. Addressing these challenges necessitates substantial investments in infrastructure, cross-border connectivity, climate mitigation, and technology innovation. As a key participant, India has taken the lead in addressing the demands of emerging countries, sponsoring conferences on themes relevant to the Global South.

Tackling Developmental Challenges

Promoting inclusive growth is essential to ensuring that economic development benefits are equitably distributed across all segments of society. For the Global South, this means focusing on marginalized communities, rural areas, and underrepresented groups.

Investing in education and skills training can provide the workforce with the skills required in a quickly changing employment environment. Improving educational infrastructure and offering vocational training are important methods in this regard. Furthermore, microfinance and support for small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) and startups can boost local economies and create jobs.

Ensuring equal opportunities for women in education, employment, and leadership positions can have a huge economic impact. Policy changes that require equal pay, prohibit workplace discrimination, and enable parental leave can help to build a more inclusive workforce. Furthermore, boosting girls’ education and participation in STEM disciplines can help to create a more gender-balanced society.

Investing in digital infrastructure, such as broadband and mobile networks, ensures that isolated and rural communities remain connected. Increased access to banking, mobile payment systems, and financial literacy programs can empower individuals and companies, resulting in increased economic inclusion.

Infrastructure and Cross-Border Connectivity

Investing in infrastructure and improving cross-border connections are critical to regional growth. Developing transportation networks, such as roads, railroads, ports, and airports, enables trade and travel, which are critical for economic integration.

Energy infrastructure investments, particularly in renewable energy sources and system development, maintain a steady and dependable power supply. Cross-border initiatives such as the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) and the Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) initiative can greatly improve regional connectivity and trade.

Climate Change Mitigation and Technological Transformation

Climate change mitigation is crucial for the Global South, which is especially sensitive to environmental damage. Promoting sustainable agriculture techniques, water management, and forest conservation are all critical tasks. Investing in green technologies such as renewable energy and electric vehicles can also help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Embracing technology is critical to economic progress and development. Promoting digital innovation through efforts that support technology businesses and improve digital literacy can help promote innovation. Smart city projects can enhance urban living and resource management. Investing in research and development (R&D) can stimulate technological improvements targeted to regional needs, accelerating economic transformation.

New Partnerships for Resilient Growth

To solve these difficulties, the Global South must form new alliances while strengthening current ones. Collaboration can boost growth and resilience in global supply networks. South-South cooperation is critical because nations in the Global South may share best practices and successful models of development. Joint ventures in infrastructure, technology, and education can combine resources and expertise to promote regional progress.

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) can also attract private investment for public infrastructure projects, resulting in innovation hubs and incubators that promote entrepreneurship and technical growth. Global collaboration through regional trade agreements can improve market access and economic integration.

Furthermore, international aid directed toward sustainable development goals (SDGs) can help fund vital projects in the Global South, promoting inclusive growth and development.


The Global South, with India in the forefront, can create inclusive growth and development through strategic investments, strong infrastructure, climate action, and technology innovation. By establishing new partnerships and enhancing current cooperation, regional governments may improve global supply chain resilience and ensure that economic progress benefits all segments of society. The Global South can work together to create a more fair and sustainable future by solving particular challenges and exploiting the region’s enormous potential.

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